The specific symptoms you’ll experience with shin splints depends upon the severity of the inflammation.
Common symptoms of shin splints include:
- pain located on the inside of the shin
- aching and throbbing pain
- tenderness over the areas
- external swelling and redness possible
There are numerous possible causes of shin splints, however, let’s take a look at some of the most common causes:
- lack of proper stretching and warm up prior to exercise or activity
- high impact sports like running, basketball, tennis, that take place of hard playing surfaces such as asphalt, concrete, or hardwood.
- sudden boost in workout intensity or duration without the requisite condition or proper schedule
- improper shoes or shoes with excessive wear
- gait and/or foot strike issues (e.g., over pronation)
- muscle balance problems between hamstrings and quadriceps
- repetitive stress (e.g., the impact of running, jumping, skiing, or other such activities)
Additionally, you are at risk for shin splints if you have flattened arches, frequently run on hills, or if you’ve had a previous calf or leg injuries, or overexert yourself, especially in any of the sports indicated previously.